Calculating the scan resolution
High scan resolution is important only in line art scans. It should generally be between 800 to 1000 dpi depending on the printer resolution.

The best possible scanning resolution is very important and should be well considered. "The more the better" does not always hold true!

To clarify:
Shades of greyscale images are converted into dots made of a 16x16 matrix when applied to an image setter. Ideally, a screening dot contains 256 individual pixels. When a photograph is scanned and printed onto a 150-line screen, each greyscale dot is converted into a 16x16 matrix. An image setter with a resolution of 2540 dpi is just capable of imaging such screening dots.

Since there are losses in the process of analog-digital conversion, an additional Q-Factor (Q for Quality) is introduced. This factor is generally 1.4 and, with exception, 2.0.

As a result, the following formula for the calculation of the ideal scan resolution may be used:

Scan resolution = output screen x 1.5 x scale factor

For example: The scan resolution for a 150-line screen with a 1:1 scaling factor has to be calculated.

Scan resolution = 150 x 1.5 x 1 = 225 dpi

The resulting file size for an A4-page for black and white grey-scale is 5.77 MB and 17.3 MB for color. 300 dpi would roughly double the file size. This shows the importance of setting the optimal resolution since memory requirements and processing time increase dramatically.

For a 121-line screen for a newspaper and a scale factor of 50% the calculation is as follows:

Scan resolution = 122 dpi x 1.5 x 0.5 = 91.5 dpi

If you want to double the image size:

Scan resolution = 122 x 1.5 x 2 = 366 dpi.

Automatic calculation of optimal scan resolution in SilverFast

The calculation of optimal scan resolution results in maximum quality, less memory loading and faster processing. For this very reason the automatic calculation of optimal scan resolution was integrated into SilverFast Ai. After choosing the quality factor of 1.5, you only have to input the desired output line screen (150-line screen) and the required output size. SilverFast Ai automatically sets the optimal scan resolution for you.